Hypothermia (HT) is a potent neuroprotective therapy that is now widely used in following neurological emergencies, such as neonatal asphyxia. An important mechanism of HT-induced neuroprotection is attributed to the associated reduction in the cerebral metabolic rate of oxygen (). Since cerebral circulation and metabolism are tightly regulated, reduction in typically results in decreased cerebral blood flow (CBF); it is only under oxidative stress, e.g., hypoxia-ischemia, that oxygen extraction fraction (OEF) deviates from its basal value, which can lead to cerebral dysfunction. As such, it is critical to measure these key physiological parameters during therapeutic HT. This report investigates a noninvasive method of measuring the coupling of and CBF under HT and different anesthetic combinations of propofol/nitrous-oxide () that may be used in clinical practice. Both CBF and decreased with decreasing temperature, but the OEF remained unchanged, which indicates a tight coupling of flow and metabolism under different anesthetics and over the mild HT temperature range (38°C to 33°C).